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Streptococcus Pneumoniae (Pneumococcus) - Pathophysiology and Management

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Dr. Mobeen presents the classification, diagnostic testing, metabolic properties, antigenicity, treatment, and vaccination for streptococcus pneumoniae. This pathogen is also called S. Pneumoniae, Pneumococcus, and Diplococcus.

Following identifying characteristics are presented:

  • Gram positive staining
  • Catalase negative
  • Bile sensitive
  • Optochin sensitive
  • Latex agglutination test positive for pneumococcal antigens
  • Teichoic acid
  • Diseases caused:
    • Conjunctivitis
    • Meningitis
    • Otitis Media
    • Pneumonia
    • Sinusitis
  • Quellung positive testing
  • Alpha hemolysis
  • Antigenecity
    • IgA protease
    • Pneumolysin
  • Vaccination
    • 23 valent polysacchride vaccine
    • 13 valent conjugated polysacchride vaccine
  • Penicillin G and V
  • 3rd Generation cephalosporins
    • Ceftriaxone
    • Cefotaxime
  • Vancomycin

In this video we will learn about :

1. Characteristics of S. Pneumoniae. 

2. Diagnostic tests for S. Pneumoniae. 

3. Diseases caused by S. Pneumoniae.

4. Antigenic properties of S. Pneumoniae. 

5. Pathophysiology.

6. Treatment and management. 

Following answers are created by ChatGPT. Occasionally the answer may be harmful, incorrect, false, misleading, incomplete, or limited in knowledge of world. Please contact your doctor for all healthcare decisions. Also, double check the answer provided by the AI below.

Author declares no conflict of interest.

In addition to the presenter, following authors who may have helped with the content writing, review, or approval declare no conflict of interest.

  • Dr. Mobeen Syed
  • Dr. Pei Purdom (DNP)
  • Dr. Benish Zahra
  • Dr. Iqra Batool
  • Dr. Heba Alzawahri

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